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Schenectady in the Civil War: Second Regiment of Cavalry (Veteran) — (Empire Light Cavalry )

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[This information is from Chapter XXV, pp. 312-323 of Schenectady County, New York: Its History to the Close of the Nineteenth Century by Austin A. Yates (New York: New York History Co., 1902). It is in the Schenectady Collection of the Schenectady County Public Library at Schdy R 974.744 Yat, and copies are also available for borrowing. Thanks to Carol Di Crosta for data entry help with this project. The names of the soldiers are in the order they were in the book.]

June 23rd, 1863, Col. Morgan H. Chrysler received authority to re-organize the 30th New York Vol. Infantry, then discharged by reason of the expiration of its term of service, as a regiment of cavalry — the Empire Light Cavalry. July 20th, 1863, this designation was changed to Second Regiment Veteran Cavalry. The regiment was organized at Saratoga Springs, and the companies were mustered in the service of the United States for three years at Saratoga: A, on August 15; B and F, Aug. 26; C, September 9; D and E, September 8; G and H, October 10 and 16, repectively; I and K, November 10; L, December 3, 1863; and at the Cavalry Depot, D, C, M, December 30, 1863.

They were recruited principally: A, at Glens Falls; B, at Albany, Amsterdam and Schenectady; C, at Saratoga; D, at Saratoga, Salem, Schroon, Shushan and Whitehall; E, at Glens Falls, Albany, Port Henry and Troy; F, at Saratoga and Whitehall; G, at Saratoga, Glens Falls, Addison, Bath and Schenectady; H, at Hoosick Falls, Malone and Plattsburgh; I, at Queensbury, Saratoga and Stony Creek; L, at Saratoga, Chesterfield, Jay, Fort Ann, Northumberland and Wilton; and M, at New York City.

The regiment left the state in detachments: Companies A, B and C, in August; D, E and F, in September; G and H, in October; I and K, in November; L and M, in December, 1863; and served in the Department of Washington, D. C., 22nd Corps; in the Department of the Gulf from February 16, 1864; in the Fifth Cavalry Brigade, 19th Corps; in the Fourth Cavalry Brigade, 19th Corps, from June, 1864; in the First Cavalry Brigade, 19th Corps, from September, 1864; in the Separate Brigade, Cavalry of the Reserve, 19th Corps, from November, 1864; in the First Brigade, Cavalry Division, Department of the Gulf, from March 1865; and commanded by Col. Chrysler, was honorably discharged and mustered out November 8, 1865, at Talladega, Ala.

During its service it lost by death, killed in action, 2 officers, 10 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 3 officers, 20 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 3 officers, 215 enlisted men; total, 8 officers, 245 enlisted men; aggregate, 253, of whom 7 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy. The large number of men reported drowned is owing to the loss at the foundering of the steamer North America off the coast of Florida, December 22nd, 1864. The regiment, or portions of it, took part in the following engagements, etc.: Red River campaign, La.; Little Washington, Campti, Pleasant Hill, Sabine Cross Roads, Pleasant Hill, Fort Jessup, Bayou Sallina, Yellow Bayou, Campti Bayou, below Cloutersville, Cane River Crossing, Bayou Roberts, Mansura, Bayou deGlaize, Simsport, Bayou Fordice, Atchafalaya River, La; Morganiza, La.; Franklin, La.; Morganiza, La.; Maringuin, La.; Rosedale, La.; Gross Tete, La.; College Hill, Miss.; between Jackson and Clinton, La.; St. Francisville, La; Bayou Sarah, La.; Fausse River, La.; Clinton and Liberty Creek, Miss.; State Line, Pascagoula River, Miss.; McLeod's Mills, La.; College Hill, Fla.; Pine Barren Creek, Fla.; Cotton Creek, Fla.; Bluff Springs, Fla.; Pollard, Ala.; Fort Blakely, Ala.; Mt. Pleasant, Ala.; Whistler's Station, Ala.

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