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SCHENECTADY DIGITAL HISTORY ARCHIVE

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History of the Mohawk Valley: Gateway to the West 1614-1925
The Saratoga-Oriskany Campaign, 1777

[This information is from Vol. I, p. 787 of History of the Mohawk Valley: Gateway to the West 1614-1925, edited by Nelson Greene (Chicago: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1925). It is in the Reference collection of the Schenectady County Public Library at R 974.7 G81h. This online edition includes lists of portraits, maps and illustrations. As noted by Paul Keesler in his article, "The Much Maligned Mr. Greene," some information in this book has been superseded by later research or was provided incorrectly by local sources.]

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Map of the Saratoga-Oriskany Campaign, 1777

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Map: The Saratoga-Oriskany Campaign, 1777.

Map showing the Burgoyne campaign against the State of New York and around the Mohawk-St. Lawrence-Champlain triangle. The American and British forts, the routes taken by the armies of Burgoyne, St. Leger, Clinton and McDonald's raiding party are plainly shown, together with the battlegrounds of Bemis Heights, Oriskany, Bennington, Vroomansland, and the sortie made by Colonel Willett's party from Fort Stanwix. All these actions of this decisive campaign of the Revolution were fought on the soil of New York State, including the battle of Bennington (the latter referring to a large district and not a town). American victories in this campaign on these battlefields won liberty for America. During this campaign the first American battle flag was flown to the breeze on August 3, 1777, and first flew in the smoke of battle during Willett's sortie, August 6, 1777.

This campaign was one of two decisive campaigns around the Mohawk-St. Lawrence-Champlain triangle. The other was the victorious one waged by General Amherst's American-British army for the conquest of Montreal and New France (Canada) in 1760. See the map in Chapter 49 and note the similarity of the enveloping movement, with the exception that Burgoyne moved against Albany while Amherst marched and sailed for Montreal. Both campaigns were made largely over rivers and lakes, and Burgoyne probably studied Amherst's campaign closely. The battles of Hubbardton and below Skenesboro are not shown as it would make the map confusing. They were American defeats but not decisive like the battles shown here.

Colonel Brown's attacks on the British outposts at the foot and head (Diamond Island) of Lake George are not given, because indecisive. The line indicated on Lake George represents movement of Burgoyne's supplies.

Map drawn by the Author

Key to Signs — shows symbols for battlegrounds, surrender of Burgoyne, camps, Iroquois towns, American forts, British forts, Burgoyne's route, St. Leger's route, Clinton's route and McDonald's route.

Other notations on the map include:

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